In 1808 Moore was sent to Spain to reinforce the British Army during the Peninsular
War (1808 - 14), and took command in the same year. However by December of 1808 defeat
was imminent, the French having taken Madrid.
Moore led a winter retreat under terrible conditions across the mountains from Astorga
to the coast at Corunna, with the intention of evacuating his army by sea. However,
the French attacked with greatly superior numbers and a desperate battle ensured.
Although the British were eventually triumphant, Moore was killed in the last stages
of the battle.